Timeline of the Hundred Years War

Timeline of the Hundred Years War

January 1327

King Edward II is forced to abdicate in favour of his son. Edward III becomes King despite having not come of age, with the Government being controlled predominantly by his mother in the early years of his reign.

Coronation of Edward III


King Charles IV of France dies. There is no direct mail heir. The throne is taken by his cousin, Philip, but Edward III has a claim to it.


Relations between England and France breakdown. France lay claim to Aquitaine in a dispute over paying homage. It leads to the outbreak of war between England and France.

23rd January 1340

On 23rd January 1340, the Royal Council met with shipmasters from English ports to determine their naval strategy for the coming campaign.

June 1340

Battle of Sluys. The English launch an attack against the French Fleet which is at anchor off Sluys. The English are victorious, destroying much of the French Fleet.

Battle of Sluys - The Hundred Years War
Battle of Sluys 1340


Gascony had been seized by France early in the conflict. England is determined to reclaim the region and this is achieved by the Earl of Derby.

July 1346

Edward III of England launches an invasion of Normandy.

26 August 1346

Edward III of England and his son Edward the Black Prince defeat Philip VI of France at Crécy.

Battle of Crecy 1346 - Hundred Years War
Battle of Crecy 1346

October 1346

David II of Scotland, an ally of Philip VI of France, invades northern England.

17 October 1346

An English army defeats the Scots at the Battle of Neville’s Cross. David II of Scotland is taken prisoner by the English.

July 1347

The important port of Calais is taken by Edward III of England and his son Edward the Black Prince.

January 1350

An unsuccessful attempt by the French to recapture Calais.

19 September 1356

John II of France is captured as The Black Prince wins a famous victory over the French in the Battle of Poitiers.


Edward III of England and Edward the Black Prince march on Rheims but the French city holds out.

May 1360

The Treaty of Brétigny between England and France. It recognises Edward III of England’s claims to French lands, Gascony and Normandy in particular. In return, he renounces his claim to the French throne.


Edward the Black Prince is made the Prince of Aquitaine by his father Edward III of England.

3 April 1367

The English are involved in the Castillian Civil War. Edward the Black Prince is victorious in the Battle of Najera.

Battle of Najera - The Hundred Years War
Battle of Najera


Edward the Black Prince retakes Limoges from the French. 3000 innocent people are slaughtered in the aftermath of the Battle.

1372  – 1375

The French are resurgent and recapture much of the land that Edward III had gained. England now has only Calais and Gascony as continental possessions.

9 February 1372

The ceremonial entry into London of Constance of Castile, prior to her marriage to John of Gaunt. This page looks at the way in which medieval marriages such as that of John of Gaunt and Constance of Castile were used diplomatically.

12 Mar 1396

Richard II of England marries Isabella of France, the daughter of Charles VI of France. A truce forms part of the marriage contract which results in 2 decades of relative peace.

6 February 1402

Death of Louis de Sancarre

7 February 1415

Evil without numbers‘ a term used by Martin Gourges, Bishop of Chartres in relation to the Burgundians. The phrase is part of the Armagnac justification for imposing tough conditions on Burgundy in the Peace Settlement.

Sep 1415

Henry V of England captures the Fench port of Harfleur.

25 Oct 1415

Battle of Agincourt in France between English and French armies. The former, led by Henry V of England, was victorious.

1417 – 1419

The Duchy of Normandy gradually falls to King Henry V of England.

Jan 1419

Henry V of England captures Rouen. External Link – Siege of Rouen, by Nathen Amin.

May 1420

Treaty of Troyes. The French accept terms which sees Henry V of England and his line named as the heirs to Charles VI of France.

The Treaty of Troyes - Hundred Years War
Treaty of Troyes

2 Jun 1420

Henry V of England marries Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles VI of France in Troyes Cathedral.

1st December 1420

King Henry V of England entered Paris in triumph.

Mar 1421

French victory at the Battle of Baugé.

Battle of Bauge - Hundred Years War
Battle of Bauge

11 May 1422

Henry V of England captures the French stronghold of Meaux.


Joan of Arc inspires the lifting of the Siege of Orleans; a major victory for the French.

Siege if Orleans - Hundred Years War
Siege of Orleans

17 Jul 1429

Coronation of Charles VII of France in Rheims.

9th January 1431

The Trial of Joan of Arc opens.

16 Dec 1431

Coronation of Henry VI of England as king of France (Henry II) in Notre-dame de Paris.

1434  – 1435

Sir Henry Talbot commands the English defending forces at Paris. The French are repulsed.


Burgundy changes allegiance from England to France.


Paris is taken by the French.

1444 – 1449

5-year truce in place. The French use the time to develop a new, professional, army and alter their tactics.


Maine is ceded to France as part of the marriage contract between Henry VI (England) and Margaret of Anjou.

22 Apr 1445

Henry VI of England marries Margaret of Anjou, niece of Charles VII of France.

28th January 1450

Impeachment of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk.


The fall of Normandy to the French.


The French take Gascony.

Jul 1453

The English are defeated by the French at the Battle of Castillon, the last battle of the Hundred Years’ War.

Battle of Castillon - Hundred Years War
Battle of Castillon